Sapphire is a variety of the mineral species corundum. Sapphires are known for their blue colour, yet corundum can occur in all colours. Therefore, sapphire is the name attributed to all colours of corundum apart from red.
Sapphire is the birthstone for September, and is gifted for forty-five year wedding anniversaries. Sapphire is also a popular choice of gemstone for engagement rings. Sapphire is a highly lustrous gemstone, second only to diamond. It can also occur in a whole spectrum of attractive colours and is a very durable gemstone to set into jewellery.
Blue sapphire is coloured by a combination of iron and titanium within the crystal structure. All colours of sapphire except from blue are referred to as ‘fancy colours.’ These can include but are not limited to yellow, pink, green and orange. Some sapphires can even colour change when viewed from different light sources. Sapphires are sourced from India, Madagascar, Tanzania, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma) and Australia.