Garnets are a wide and varied group closely related minerals. The name derives from the Latin for ‘grain’ due to the rounded crystals that garnets form. Garnets are the birthstone for January and they are gifted for two-year wedding anniversaries.
Garnets are usually understood as red stones, as per the ‘pyrope’ and ‘almandite’ varieties, however other varieties can produce colours of purple, orange, green and yellow. The red garnet is one of the most popular gemstones throughout history. Throughout the 18th and 19th Centuries, they were known as ‘Bohemian Garnets.’ Archaeological digs of Egyptian tombs and Anglo Saxon hoards have discovered plenty of red garnet set jewellery, which is a testament to the gemstones timeless appeal and durability. Deposits of garnets are found in Burma, China, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Tanzania and the USA.